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Nutrients quiz and answers

1. What are the three macronutrients that are essential for health? 

  1. Carbohydrate, protein, fat.
  2. Carbohydrate, protein, water.
  3. Carbohydrate, water, vitamins.
  4. Vitamins, protein, carbohydrates.

2. How much energy does 1 gram of carbohydrate provide? 

  1. 2kcal
  2. 4kcal
  3. 7kcal
  4. 9kcal

3. Which of these compounds make up carbohydrates? 

  1. Carbon
  2. Hydrogen
  3. Oxygen
  4. All of the above

4. What are the building blocks of proteins? 

  1. Disaccharides
  2. Carbon
  3. Amino acids
  4. Fatty acids

5. Protein from animal sources contains the full range of essential amino acids needed by the body. 

  1. True
  2. False

6. Which of these is NOT an example of a type of fat? 

  1. Saturated
  2. Polyunsaturated
  3. Desaturated
  4. Monounsaturated

7. True or False? Fat provides the most energy per gram of ALL the macronutrients. 

  1. True
  2. False

8. True or False? Fat soluble vitamins cannot be stored within the body. 

  1. True
  2. False

9. Vitamin A is important for… 

  1. Dim light vision
  2. Healthy skin and eyes
  3. Resistance to infection
  4. All of the above

10. In the summer months where does most of our vitamin D come from? 

  1. Eggs
  2. The sun
  3. Meat
  4. Cakes

11. True or false? Vitamin C can help with the absorption of iron. 

  1. True
  2. False

12. How much of the body’s calcium is found in the skeleton? 

  1. 10%
  2. 50%
  3. 90%
  4. 99%

13. Which of these groups of people are most at risk of iron deficiency? 

  1. Teenage girls
  2. Women over the age of 70
  3. Teenage Boys
  4. Men over the age of 70

14. What is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide? 

  1. Iron deficiency
  2. Vitamin A deficiency
  3. Zinc deficiency
  4. Sodium deficiency

15. True or false? Micronutrients are needed in larger amounts than macronutrients. 

  1. True
  2. False

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